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RUSK Insights on Rehabilitation Medicine

RUSK Insights on Rehabilitation Medicine is a top podcast featuring interviews with faculty and staff of RUSK Rehabilitation as well as leaders from other rehabilitation programs around the country. These podcasts are being offered by RUSK, one of the top rehabilitation centers in the world. Your host for these interviews is Dr. Tom Elwood. He will take you behind the scenes to look at what is transpiring in the exciting world of rehabilitation research and clinical services through the eyes of those involved in making dynamic breakthroughs in health care.
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Now displaying: December, 2023
Dec 20, 2023

We should begin with every patient by validating that their pain is real. He discussed the role played by cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). It is referenced most often because it has the best evidence, but we do not really know how to break that down for patients. He described three basic stages. It is important to recognize that CBT is not the best and only treatment. Exercise is important in a lot of musculoskeletal conditions, but it should be tailored to benefit that window between benefit and symptom aggravation. Next, is the question of what must be done with all the information he has provided in this presentation thus far. There seems to be evidence of some advantage to participating in athletics or being fit. Also, not everyone who is fit is having a good time and not everyone with a chronic condition can jump into fitness in the right way. So, we need to figure out how to meld that. Patients come to us because they are suffering. We need a team approach to close the performance gap they experience. A psychological battle must be dealt with at the same time as physical problems. He described strategies he would use. Find out what exercise they do now and for how many minutes, and their amount of sleep. Determine what they enjoyed doing in the past. It is important to focus on one of their problems and aim to achieve success in treating it. He described some available resources that are useful.

 

A Question & Answer period followed.

Dec 6, 2023

PART 1

Dr. Vasudevan began by discussing how pain is experienced by athletes and non-athletes, how to identify components of multidisciplinary care for both those groups, and incorporate some reasonable strategies that might help with exercise prescriptions and lifestyle modifications for those with chronic pain. He provided some definitions for various terms, such as pain medicine, sports medicine, and pain. The latter is in the brain, which is the summation of all inputs. As physiatrists, we look at what the pain is keeping you from doing what you want to perform. He addressed the question of whether there are gender differences in the perception of pain. The short answer is no. Strength and endurance matter more. Endurance athletes can tolerate pain better. He discussed some consequences of the overtraining syndrome. If an athlete cannot perform at a desired level, there is a higher mental risk. Insufficient sleep is a risk factor. A pertinent concern is how to improve mental health in athletes. He indicated what they do at Penn to address this matter. Non-pharmacological interventions are preferred for treating injuries, e.g., massage modalities. The use of topical medications can be effective from a systemic perspective. The discussion then switched to chronic pain. 

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